A smartphone is a mobile phone with an advanced mobile operating system which combines features of a personal computer operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use. Smartphones, which are usually pocket-sized, typically combine the features of a cell phone, such as the ability to receive and make phone calls and text messages, with those of other popular digital mobile devices. Other features typically include a personal digital assistant (PDA) for making appointments in a calendar, media player, video games, GPS navigation unit, digital camera, and digital video camera. Most smartphones can access the Internet and can run a variety of third-party software components. They typically have a color graphical user interface screen that covers 70% or more of the front surface, with an LCD, OLED, AMOLED, LED, or similar screen; the screen is often a touchscreen.

In 1999, the Japanese firm NTT DoCoMo released the first smartphones to achieve mass adoption within a country. Smartphones became widespread in the 21st century and most of those produced from 2012 onwards have high-speed mobile broadband 4G LTE, motion sensors, and mobile payment features. In the third quarter of 2012, one billion smartphones were in use worldwide. Global smartphone sales surpassed the sales figures for regular cell phones in early 2013. As of 2013, 65% of U.S. mobile consumers own smartphones. By January 2016, smartphones held over 79% of the U.S. mobile market.

Devices that combined telephony and computing were first conceptualized by Nikola Tesla in 1909 and Theodore Paraskevakos in 1971 and patented in 1974, and were offered for sale beginning in 1993. Paraskevakos was the first to introduce the concepts of intelligence, data processing and visual display screens into telephones. In 1971, while he was working with Boeing in Huntsville, Alabama, Paraskevakos demonstrated a transmitter and receiver that provided additional ways to communicate with remote equipment, however it did not yet have general purpose PDA applications in a wireless device typical of smartphones. They were installed at Peoples’ Telephone Company in Leesburg, Alabama and were demonstrated to several telephone companies. The original and historic working models are still in the possession of Paraskevakos.

“It is the prerogative of wizards to be grumpy. It is not, however, the prerogative of freelance consultants who are late on their rent, so instead of saying something smart, I told the woman on the phone, “Yes, ma’am. How can I help you today?”
— Jim Butcher (Storm Front (The Dresden Files, #1))

In the late 1990s, many mobile phone users carried a separate dedicated PDA device, running early versions of operating systems such as Palm OS, BlackBerry OS or Windows CE/Pocket PC. These operating systems would later evolve into mobile operating systems. In March 1996, Hewlett-Packard released the OmniGo 700LX, which was a modified 200LX PDA that supported a Nokia 2110-compatible phone and had integrated software built in ROM to support it. The device featured a 640×200 resolution CGA compatible 4-shade gray-scale LCD screen and could be used to make and receive calls, text messages, emails and faxes. It was also 100% DOS 5.0 compatible, allowing it to run thousands of existing software titles including early versions of Windows. jim-butcher_photoby_dave_nelson

In August 1996, Nokia released the Nokia 9000 Communicator which combined a PDA based on the GEOS V3.0 operating system from Geoworks with a digital cellular phone based on the Nokia 2110. The two devices were fixed together via a hinge in what became known as a clamshell design. When opened, the display was on the inside top surface and with a physical QWERTY keyboard on the bottom. The personal organizer provided e-mail, calendar, address book, calculator and notebook with text-based web browsing, and the ability to send and receive faxes. When the personal organizer was closed, it could be used as a digital cellular phone. In June 1999, Qualcomm released a “CDMA Digital PCS Smartphone” with integrated Palm PDA and Internet connectivity, known as the “pdQ Smartphone”.

In early 2000, the Ericsson R380 was released by Ericsson Mobile Communications, and was the first device marketed as a “smartphone”. It combined the functions of a mobile phone and a PDA, supported limited web browsing with a resistive touchscreen utilizing a stylus. In early 2001, Palm, Inc. introduced the Kyocera 6035, which combined a PDA with a mobile phone and operated on Verizon. It also supported limited web browsing. In 2002, Handspring released the Treo 180, the first smartphone to combine Palm OS and a GSM phone, with telephony, SMS messaging and Internet access fully integrated into Palm OS.Smartphones before Android, iOS and BlackBerry, typically ran on Symbian, which was originally developed by Psion. It was the world’s most widely used smartphone operating system until the last quarter of 2010.


  1. Hi, very nice website, cheers!
    Need cheap and reliable hosting? Our shared plans start at $10 for an year and VPS plans for $6/Mo.
    Check here: https://www.good-webhosting.com/

  2. This is the correct blog for anyone who needs to search out out about this topic. You realize so much its nearly arduous to argue with you (not that I actually would want匟aHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, simply great!

  3. You need to participate in a contest for among the best blogs on the web. I will recommend this website!

  4. WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share..more wait .. ?

  5. There are some fascinating closing dates in this article however I don抰 know if I see all of them center to heart. There may be some validity but I’ll take maintain opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want more! Added to FeedBurner as effectively

  6. very nice put up, i definitely love this website, carry on it

  7. Good day! I simply want to give a huge thumbs up for the nice information you’ve right here on this post. I can be coming again to your weblog for extra soon.

  8. It抯 onerous to search out knowledgeable folks on this matter, but you sound like you realize what you抮e speaking about! Thanks

  9. Thank you a lot for providing individuals with a very terrific chance to read articles and blog posts from this web site. It is always so excellent and jam-packed with a great time for me and my office fellow workers to visit your website at the least thrice in 7 days to read the fresh things you have got. Not to mention, I’m also actually motivated considering the exceptional strategies served by you. Selected 4 tips in this posting are absolutely the best I have had.

  10. I simply wished to say thanks again. I am not sure the things I would’ve used in the absence of the type of solutions discussed by you regarding this topic. It has been a horrifying case in my opinion, but observing a expert way you resolved that made me to leap with gladness. I’m just happier for the guidance and then sincerely hope you find out what a powerful job you were doing instructing the rest by way of a site. I’m certain you’ve never come across all of us.

  11. I want to express my thanks to this writer for rescuing me from this particular challenge. Right after looking out throughout the search engines and coming across opinions which were not productive, I thought my life was well over. Living devoid of the answers to the difficulties you have solved by means of this guide is a critical case, as well as ones which might have negatively affected my entire career if I had not come across your blog post. That skills and kindness in controlling all things was important. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I had not come upon such a thing like this. I can now relish my future. Thanks a lot very much for your reliable and results-oriented help. I will not think twice to endorse your blog to any individual who needs and wants assistance about this matter.

  12. I and also my pals have already been viewing the best procedures on the blog while immediately I had a terrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the site owner for them. All of the ladies were definitely for that reason passionate to see all of them and now have sincerely been taking advantage of those things. Appreciate your actually being very kind as well as for picking out these kinds of terrific ideas millions of individuals are really desirous to know about. My personal sincere apologies for not saying thanks to sooner.

  13. I not to mention my guys were checking the nice tips and tricks from your web site then immediately I got a horrible feeling I never thanked the site owner for those strategies. Those young men came for this reason excited to see all of them and now have unquestionably been enjoying those things. I appreciate you for indeed being really helpful and then for deciding upon variety of outstanding subjects millions of individuals are really desirous to discover. Our sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  14. I wanted to draft you the little bit of remark to finally give thanks again over the wonderful knowledge you have contributed here. This has been quite wonderfully generous with you to offer unreservedly what exactly many people would’ve distributed as an e-book to help with making some dough for themselves, most notably given that you could possibly have done it if you ever wanted. The tactics likewise worked to become a fantastic way to know that the rest have similar dream much like my own to understand lots more pertaining to this matter. I think there are many more fun moments in the future for folks who looked over your blog.

  15. anyway star viagra 100mg direct aspect generic viagra sales honestly gear
    viagra generic bad pressure [url=http://viagenupi.com/#]online viagra[/url] altogether fee sildenafil 100mg last failure http://viagenupi.com/

  16. I want to express appreciation to this writer for bailing me out of this incident. As a result of exploring throughout the internet and getting techniques which are not helpful, I believed my entire life was over. Being alive without the strategies to the problems you have resolved through the guideline is a crucial case, as well as the kind that could have badly affected my career if I hadn’t encountered your web page. That training and kindness in dealing with every part was priceless. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t discovered such a stuff like this. I can also now look forward to my future. Thank you very much for this skilled and sensible guide. I won’t be reluctant to refer the sites to anybody who needs to have guide about this area.

  17. possibly trip sale generic viagra online pills forth river first fix viagra lot external usually
    ordinary generic viagra sales somehow fall [url=http://viacheapusa.com/#]viagra[/url] anywhere aside generic viagra sales here respect http://viacheapusa.com/

  18. direct carpet [url=http://cialisles.com/#]cealis[/url] especially sun though
    grandmother cialis.com quickly join cealis closely trade http://cialisles.com

  19. I must point out my passion for your kindness for persons who must have help with that area. Your very own dedication to passing the solution all-around appears to be incredibly invaluable and have truly allowed employees much like me to realize their goals. This insightful help and advice entails a great deal a person like me and further more to my mates. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  20. carefully weird generic viagra without subscription walmart definitely
    officer cheap viagra usa without prescription next performance cheap viagra online without prescription away group [url=http://www.vagragenericaar.org/#]generic viagra canada[/url] under
    goal viagra lot man http://www.vagragenericaar.org/

  21. free stop tadalafil without a doctor’s prescription real region ed pills well machine generic cialis 20mg
    alone common [url=http://cialislet.com/#]cialis for sals[/url] thin cream india cialis generic physically convert http://cialislet.com/

  22. kava tea red vein sumatra kratom fda approved metals [url=http://kratomsaleusa.com/#]buy maeng
    da kratom[/url] gold maeng da effects kratom for sale http://kratomsaleusa.com/

  23. essentially situation generic viagra sales downtown smoke buy generic cheap viagra online clearly currency viagra online
    elsewhere company [url=http://viatribuy.com/#]viagra online[/url] best cream buy generic
    cheap viagra online within structure http://viatribuy.com/

  24. when research careprost for sale full principle careprost buy online away
    progress bimatoprost ophthalmic solution somewhat roll [url=https://bimatoprostonline.confrancisyalgomas.com/#]generic
    latisse[/url] similarly leadership order naltrexone online ever city https://careprost.confrancisyalgomas.com/

  25. the reflection [url=http://www.cialij.com/#]cheap erectile dysfunction pills online[/url] close funeral really percentage ed pills
    online usa almost music cheap erectile dysfunction pills online weekly eat http://www.cialij.com/

  26. buy cialis
    [url=https://getcialistabsfasty.com/#]buy cialis[/url] https://getcialistabsfasty.com/

  27. I simply needed to appreciate you yet again. I am not sure the things I would have undertaken without the type of opinions discussed by you on such a concern. It was before a very difficult setting in my circumstances, nevertheless taking note of a new professional fashion you handled the issue forced me to jump over joy. Now i am grateful for this help as well as trust you find out what a powerful job you’re doing instructing many people through the use of a blog. Most probably you’ve never come across any of us.

  28. last paint cenforce professional 100mg successfully agency cenforce
    200 generally nobody cenfor fully chance [url=http://cavalrymenforromney.com/#]cenforce 120[/url] slow newspaper cenforce for
    sale in usa gross special http://cavalrymenforromney.com/

  29. Thank you a lot for providing individuals with an extremely nice opportunity to read from this website. It really is very excellent and full of fun for me personally and my office peers to search your website the equivalent of thrice in a week to find out the new guidance you will have. Of course, I’m certainly fascinated with your eye-popping thoughts you give. Certain 4 areas in this posting are in reality the best we have all ever had.

  30. representation [url=https://cialsagen.com/#]buy pills erection generic viagra[/url] generic viagra cheap viagra
    online without prescription pleasure https://cialsagen.com/

  31. My wife and i ended up being so delighted Peter managed to carry out his reports through the ideas he had from your very own site. It is now and again perplexing to simply always be giving away tricks most people may have been trying to sell. Therefore we figure out we have got the writer to give thanks to for this. The most important illustrations you made, the straightforward website navigation, the relationships your site give support to promote – it is most impressive, and it’s assisting our son in addition to the family consider that the concept is brilliant, and that’s exceptionally important. Many thanks for the whole lot!

  32. My spouse and i ended up being very comfortable Albert managed to deal with his analysis while using the precious recommendations he got in your web page. It’s not at all simplistic just to happen to be releasing tips and hints that people today might have been selling. And now we recognize we’ve got you to appreciate for that. The type of explanations you made, the simple site navigation, the friendships you can help to promote – it’s most wonderful, and it’s really helping our son in addition to the family reason why that theme is satisfying, which is incredibly pressing. Thanks for all the pieces!

  33. broken do generic viagra pills work still hair [url=https://viagraivo.com/#]viagra generic canada[/url] nuclear https://viagraivo.com/

  34. I must express my appreciation to this writer just for rescuing me from this particular trouble. After browsing through the internet and obtaining tips that were not beneficial, I believed my life was well over. Existing without the presence of solutions to the problems you’ve fixed as a result of your review is a critical case, as well as the kind that could have badly damaged my career if I hadn’t come across the website. The skills and kindness in taking care of the whole thing was priceless. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a step like this. It’s possible to at this point relish my future. Thanks very much for your reliable and results-oriented guide. I will not be reluctant to endorse your web page to any individual who should get direction about this subject.

  35. My spouse and i got really happy Albert could deal with his web research by way of the ideas he got from your web page. It’s not at all simplistic just to always be giving for free points which often some others might have been selling. So we know we’ve got the website owner to appreciate because of that. All the explanations you made, the easy web site navigation, the friendships you help engender – it’s got everything incredible, and it is leading our son and the family understand this subject matter is cool, which is certainly really vital. Thank you for all the pieces!

  36. My spouse and i have been so peaceful when Chris could finish off his reports while using the precious recommendations he made through the weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to simply find yourself releasing tips and hints which often the rest have been selling. And we also consider we have you to appreciate for this. The entire illustrations you’ve made, the easy site menu, the friendships you will assist to promote – it’s got most powerful, and it’s really leading our son in addition to our family know that the subject matter is pleasurable, which is certainly unbelievably important. Many thanks for the whole thing!

  37. I enjoy you because of all of the hard work on this site. Kim loves carrying out investigations and it’s really simple to grasp why. A number of us learn all about the powerful manner you deliver worthwhile ideas via this website and as well as welcome participation from visitors on this area while my child is always studying a whole lot. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the year. Your carrying out a fabulous job.

  38. carrier [url=http://viarowbuy.com#]sildenafil generic[/url]
    generic viagra 100 generic viagra club http://viarowbuy.com/

  39. classroom [url=https://www.liverichandfree.com/#]tadalafil acquisto on line[/url]
    emission tadalafil acquisto on line society https://www.liverichandfree.com/

  40. I wish to show my thanks to this writer for rescuing me from such a matter. After surfing around through the search engines and getting strategies which are not helpful, I figured my entire life was done. Being alive minus the strategies to the issues you’ve resolved as a result of your good blog post is a crucial case, as well as the kind that would have adversely affected my entire career if I hadn’t come across your web site. Your main understanding and kindness in touching almost everything was priceless. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t encountered such a step like this. I am able to at this point relish my future. Thank you so much for this specialized and effective help. I will not hesitate to suggest your web site to any person who should receive support on this problem.

  41. tadalafil pills uk [url=http://buyscialisrx.com/]cheap cialis[/url] donde comprar tadalafil generico generic cialis online tadalafil 20 mg prijs tadalafil postepay http://buyscialisrx.com/ alfuzosin and tadalafil

  42. I just wanted to write a message to appreciate you for the nice guides you are posting at this site. My considerable internet investigation has now been rewarded with reasonable suggestions to go over with my family members. I would suppose that most of us visitors actually are definitely endowed to exist in a good place with very many perfect professionals with very helpful concepts. I feel rather happy to have come across your site and look forward to plenty of more fun minutes reading here. Thanks again for a lot of things.

  43. Needed to draft you that little bit of note just to give many thanks again about the fantastic strategies you’ve provided in this case. It’s remarkably generous with people like you to allow easily exactly what a number of us could have offered for an e book to help make some cash for their own end, especially considering the fact that you might well have tried it in the event you desired. These concepts as well acted to be the easy way to recognize that other people online have similar zeal much like my very own to know the truth much more when it comes to this issue. I believe there are numerous more pleasant sessions in the future for people who look over your blog post.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.