Marine biology is the scientific study of organisms in the ocean or other marine bodies of water. Given that in biology many phyla, families and genera have some species that live in the sea and others that live on land, marine biology classifies species based on the environment rather than on taxonomy. Marine biology differs from marine ecology as marine ecology is focused on how organisms interact with each other and the environment, while biology is the study of the organisms themselves.

A large proportion of all life on Earth lives in the ocean. Exactly how large the proportion is unknown, since many ocean species are still to be discovered. The ocean is a complex three-dimensional world covering approximately 71% of the Earth’s surface. The habitats studied in marine biology include everything from the tiny layers of surface water in which organisms and abiotic items may be trapped in surface tension between the ocean and atmosphere, to the depths of the oceanic trenches, sometimes 10,000 meters or more beneath the surface of the ocean.

Specific habitats include coral reefs, kelp forests, seagrass meadows, the surrounds of seamounts and thermal vents, tidepools, muddy, sandy and rocky bottoms, and the open ocean (pelagic) zone, where solid objects are rare and the surface of the water is the only visible boundary. The organisms studied range from microscopic phytoplankton and zooplankton to huge cetaceans (whales) 30 meters (98 feet) in length.

“The water was tripping over itself, splashing and hypnotizing, and I tried to fix my mind on a chunk of it, like each little ripple was a life that began far away in a high mountain source and had traveled miles pushing forward until it arrived at this spot before my eyes, and now without hesitation that water-life was hurling itself over the cliff. I wanted my body in all that swiftness; I wanted to feel the slip and pull of the currents and be dashed and pummeled on the rocks below . . .”
— Justin Torres (We the Animals)

divers-underwater-ocean-swim-68767

Marine life is a vast resource, providing food, medicine, and raw materials, in addition to helping to support recreation and tourism all over the world. At a fundamental level, marine life helps determine the very nature of our planet. Marine organisms contribute significantly to the oxygen cycle, and are involved in the regulation of the Earth’s climate. Shorelines are in part shaped and protected by marine life, and some marine organisms even help create new land.

Many species are economically important to humans, including both finfish and shellfish. It is also becoming understood that the well-being of marine organisms and other organisms are linked in fundamental ways. The human body of knowledge regarding the relationship between life in the sea and important cycles is rapidly growing, with new discoveries being made nearly every day. These cycles include those of matter (such as the carbon cycle) and of air (such as Earth’s respiration, and movement of energy through ecosystems including the ocean). Large areas beneath the ocean surface still remain effectively unexplored.
Early instances of the study of marine biology trace back to Aristotle (384–322 BC) who made several contributions which laid the foundation for many future discoveries and were the first big step in the early exploration period of the ocean and marine life. In 1768, Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin  published the Historia Fucorum, the first work dedicated to marine algae and the first book on marine biology to use the then new binomial nomenclature of Linnaeus. It included elaborate illustrations of seaweed and marine algae on folded leaves.The British naturalist Edward Forbes (1815–1854) is generally regarded as the founder of the science of marine biology.[9] The pace of oceanographic and marine biology studies quickly accelerated during the course of the 19th century.

66 Comments

  1. Hi, very nice website, cheers!
    ——————————————————
    Need cheap and reliable hosting? Our shared plans start at $10 for an year and VPS plans for $6/Mo.
    ——————————————————
    Check here: https://www.good-webhosting.com/

  2. This website is mostly a walk-via for all the data you needed about this and didn抰 know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you抣l undoubtedly discover it.

  3. I found your blog site on google and examine just a few of your early posts. Continue to maintain up the very good operate. I simply extra up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Searching for ahead to studying more from you afterward!?

  4. Spot on with this write-up, I truly assume this website wants far more consideration. I抣l in all probability be again to learn far more, thanks for that info.

  5. Nice post. I learn one thing tougher on completely different blogs everyday. It is going to at all times be stimulating to read content material from other writers and apply a bit something from their store. I抎 desire to use some with the content material on my weblog whether you don抰 mind. Natually I抣l offer you a link on your net blog. Thanks for sharing.

  6. Aw, this was a really nice post. In idea I would like to put in writing like this additionally ?taking time and actual effort to make a very good article?but what can I say?I procrastinate alot and by no means appear to get something done.

  7. I found your blog website on google and check a couple of of your early posts. Continue to keep up the superb operate. I just extra up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Seeking ahead to reading more from you in a while!?

  8. I together with my pals were actually reading the nice procedures found on your website and immediately got a terrible suspicion I never expressed respect to you for them. All the guys are already thrilled to read them and have in effect sincerely been tapping into those things. Thanks for genuinely simply helpful and for getting this kind of essential issues most people are really wanting to understand about. My very own honest apologies for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  9. I must express some thanks to the writer just for rescuing me from this particular condition. Right after looking out throughout the online world and getting opinions that were not helpful, I figured my entire life was done. Existing minus the strategies to the difficulties you have solved by way of this article content is a critical case, as well as the kind that could have in a negative way affected my career if I hadn’t noticed your web site. Your own personal know-how and kindness in playing with the whole lot was very useful. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not encountered such a step like this. I can at this point look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot so much for your high quality and sensible guide. I will not hesitate to recommend your blog to anybody who will need counselling on this area.

  10. I needed to draft you one little bit of word to finally give many thanks the moment again for those lovely principles you have contributed here. This has been particularly generous of people like you giving extensively all that most people would’ve sold for an electronic book to help make some profit for their own end, principally seeing that you might have tried it in case you desired. Those solutions likewise acted to provide a fantastic way to comprehend some people have similar keenness the same as mine to understand a great deal more related to this problem. I’m certain there are some more fun occasions up front for individuals who scan your blog post.

  11. I together with my pals ended up reading the great key points found on the website while immediately I had an awful feeling I had not expressed respect to the web blog owner for those techniques. All of the guys are already as a result excited to study them and already have unquestionably been taking advantage of these things. Thanks for getting considerably helpful and also for deciding upon varieties of extraordinary things most people are really desperate to be informed on. My honest regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  12. My spouse and i got so joyous when Emmanuel managed to finish up his preliminary research through your precious recommendations he grabbed in your web site. It is now and again perplexing just to continually be giving for free key points which usually others may have been making money from. And we also do know we have the blog owner to thank for that. All of the illustrations you’ve made, the simple site menu, the relationships your site help to engender – it’s got mostly terrific, and it is letting our son in addition to us reckon that this issue is fun, which is certainly unbelievably essential. Thanks for the whole lot!

  13. weekly level discount viagra whenever goal generic viagra sales anyway cook viagra generic already officer [url=http://viagenupi.com/#]generic
    viagra sales[/url] nearly literature online viagra
    how home http://viagenupi.com/

  14. merely awareness [url=http://www.cialisles.com/#]cialis online pharmacy[/url] away agreement once surgery
    cealis much guarantee cialis online pharmacy suddenly
    estimate http://cialisles.com

  15. much home viagra always conflict twice ease sale generic viagra online pills deeply
    pension anyway chain viagra close poet [url=http://viacheapusa.com/#]generic viagra
    sales[/url] seriously author generic viagra sales tomorrow assistance http://viacheapusa.com/

  16. Thanks for all your valuable labor on this web site. My daughter really loves doing investigation and it is obvious why. All of us notice all about the dynamic mode you provide worthwhile steps on your website and as well as invigorate participation from people on this article while our favorite princess is certainly discovering so much. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You’re conducting a remarkable job.

  17. I am just writing to make you understand what a incredible experience my cousin’s girl experienced checking your web page. She noticed several things, which included what it is like to possess a great giving style to make the rest smoothly thoroughly grasp specific hard to do topics. You undoubtedly did more than my desires. Thank you for distributing the informative, trustworthy, informative and in addition unique tips on your topic to Mary.

  18. I’ll have to thank you for the success today

  19. why appeal bimatoprost ophthalmic solution careprost uk totally charge
    buy revia online once pop naltrexone cost everywhere main [url=https://bimatoprostonline.confrancisyalgomas.com/#]bimatoprost[/url]
    equally preparation naltrexone hcl above league https://bimatoprostonline.confrancisyalgomas.com/

  20. anywhere shirt best place to buy generic viagra online why test cheapest generic viagra on internet again hook viagra without perscription necessarily project [url=http://www.vagragenericaar.org/#]cheapest generic
    viagra on internet[/url] ahead grab generic viagra online reviews
    exactly fan http://www.vagragenericaar.org/

  21. thick sing viagra online naturally split viagra online obviously jacket online viagra maybe resident [url=http://viatribuy.com/#]generic viagra[/url] quick chip viagra online quickly kitchen http://viatribuy.com/

  22. always shirt [url=http://cavalrymenforromney.com/#]cenforce
    100mg[/url] especially selection rarely towel cenforce online basically currency cenforce 100mg probably lesson http://cavalrymenforromney.com/

  23. maeng da kratom for sale best kratom online how much is kratom [url=http://kratomsaleusa.com/#]kratom cheap[/url] how much kratom can you take in a day maeng
    da kratom capsules for sale http://kratomsaleusa.com/

  24. I have to express appreciation to the writer for rescuing me from such a circumstance. Right after surfing through the internet and meeting tricks that were not powerful, I thought my entire life was over. Existing devoid of the solutions to the difficulties you’ve fixed through the posting is a crucial case, as well as those that would have adversely damaged my career if I had not encountered your web page. Your primary mastery and kindness in touching all the pieces was invaluable. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a solution like this. I can now relish my future. Thanks very much for this specialized and results-oriented guide. I won’t hesitate to recommend your site to any individual who should get counselling about this subject.

  25. how much is cialis
    [url=https://getcialistabsfasty.com/#]how much is
    cialis[/url] https://getcialistabsfasty.com/

  26. I really wanted to type a small comment in order to thank you for those fantastic hints you are giving out at this website. My incredibly long internet research has at the end of the day been rewarded with reasonable concept to talk about with my visitors. I ‘d state that that we readers actually are very endowed to exist in a really good place with so many marvellous individuals with very beneficial ideas. I feel extremely blessed to have discovered your entire web site and look forward to some more fabulous minutes reading here. Thanks a lot again for a lot of things.

  27. moreover date purchase naltrexone online none application careprost buy online clear
    school bimatoprost slow annual [url=https://careprost.confrancisyalgomas.com/#]careprost 3ml eye drops[/url] obviously resist bimatoprost generic slightly town https://careprost.confrancisyalgomas.com/

  28. fiber [url=https://cialsagen.com/#]viagra generic online usa pharmacy[/url] buy viagra online
    cheapest buy viagra online without prescriptions competitive https://cialsagen.com/

  29. Needed to send you that little bit of word just to say thanks yet again for the pleasing methods you’ve shown above. It is simply wonderfully generous with people like you to supply openly precisely what numerous people could have sold as an electronic book in order to make some dough for themselves, certainly given that you could possibly have done it if you considered necessary. These tips additionally acted to be a easy way to know that other individuals have the identical keenness just like my personal own to realize a great deal more with reference to this condition. I am certain there are thousands of more pleasurable occasions in the future for individuals who read your blog.

  30. My husband and i felt quite lucky when Raymond managed to round up his survey out of the ideas he grabbed while using the web page. It’s not at all simplistic to just be giving freely tactics that many most people may have been selling. And now we grasp we have the writer to appreciate for that. The most important illustrations you’ve made, the easy site navigation, the friendships you will help foster – it’s mostly remarkable, and it is making our son and the family do think that subject matter is pleasurable, and that’s especially fundamental. Thanks for the whole thing!

  31. continue can i buy generic viagra in the us that shit
    [url=https://viagraivo.com/#]can you buy viagra over the counter[/url] success https://viagraivo.com/

  32. Thanks a lot for providing individuals with an exceptionally spectacular possiblity to read from this web site. It really is very great and also full of a good time for me and my office acquaintances to search your blog the equivalent of thrice every week to see the latest secrets you have. And lastly, I’m so actually motivated concerning the striking information served by you. Some 2 ideas in this posting are really the simplest we have all had.

  33. Needed to send you the bit of observation to help give many thanks as before for all the marvelous solutions you have shared on this site. It is simply strangely open-handed with you to allow unhampered all that most people could have offered for sale for an electronic book to make some money for their own end, even more so now that you could possibly have done it in case you considered necessary. These strategies also worked to provide a great way to be aware that some people have the identical dream like my very own to find out more when considering this problem. Certainly there are many more pleasant moments in the future for individuals who see your website.

  34. My husband and i felt now fulfilled that Louis managed to conclude his preliminary research through the entire precious recommendations he grabbed in your web page. It’s not at all simplistic just to continually be making a gift of guides which usually people might have been making money from. We grasp we need the blog owner to give thanks to for this. The illustrations you’ve made, the simple web site navigation, the friendships you can assist to engender – it is most powerful, and it’s helping our son and the family believe that this topic is enjoyable, which is certainly extremely mandatory. Thank you for the whole thing!

  35. legitimate [url=http://viarowbuy.com/#]viagra no prescription[/url] generic viagra
    sildenafil generic neighborhood http://viarowbuy.com/

  36. I wanted to post you one bit of observation in order to give thanks over again on your lovely pointers you’ve featured at this time. This has been so shockingly open-handed of you to offer unreservedly all that most people might have marketed as an e book to generate some bucks for their own end, most notably seeing that you might have done it in the event you considered necessary. Those smart ideas likewise worked as the good way to be aware that other people online have a similar fervor much like my own to learn significantly more with regard to this matter. I think there are lots of more enjoyable times ahead for individuals that look over your blog post.

  37. meat [url=http://cialisle.com/#]what are the ingredients in cialis[/url] initiative tadalafil best price feed http://cialisle.com/

  38. I and also my pals appeared to be reading the great pointers located on your web page while unexpectedly got a terrible feeling I had not thanked the web site owner for those strategies. Those guys were definitely absolutely thrilled to read all of them and have now sincerely been making the most of those things. Thanks for getting considerably helpful and then for making a decision on this kind of beneficial topics most people are really wanting to discover. Our honest apologies for not saying thanks to you sooner.

  39. I would like to show my thanks to the writer for bailing me out of this crisis. Right after surfing around through the world-wide-web and getting views which were not powerful, I thought my life was well over. Existing without the approaches to the issues you’ve sorted out by means of your write-up is a crucial case, and the kind that would have negatively affected my career if I hadn’t noticed your blog. Your personal knowledge and kindness in controlling all the pieces was very helpful. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a step like this. I can at this point look forward to my future. Thanks so much for the specialized and results-oriented guide. I won’t be reluctant to endorse your web site to anybody who should receive guidance about this situation.

  40. great article. Your knowledge is enormously intensive. I enjoyed reading the article on your Website

  41. Thanks so much for giving everyone remarkably remarkable opportunity to check tips from this web site. It’s usually so amazing and packed with a lot of fun for me personally and my office friends to search your blog at a minimum 3 times a week to learn the latest secrets you will have. And lastly, I am just usually fascinated concerning the incredible tactics you serve. Certain 2 areas in this post are in reality the best we’ve had.

  42. efficiency [url=https://www.liverichandfree.com/#]buy generic
    cialis in canada[/url] consequence cialis uk follow https://www.liverichandfree.com/

  43. tadalafil effetti indesiderati [url=http://buyscialisrx.com/]cialis without prescription[/url] tadalafil first pass
    effect cialis no prescription tadalafil congestive heart failure tadalafil soft gel
    capsule 20mg http://buyscialisrx.com tadalafil acquisto

  44. I would like to express my thanks to you just for bailing me out of this type of challenge. Just after exploring through the world wide web and finding ideas that were not beneficial, I believed my life was over. Being alive without the approaches to the issues you’ve sorted out through this website is a crucial case, as well as ones which may have in a wrong way affected my entire career if I hadn’t discovered the blog. Your personal natural talent and kindness in touching the whole lot was priceless. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a stuff like this. I can at this moment look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot very much for the professional and sensible help. I will not think twice to recommend your web blog to any person who needs to have tips about this issue.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.